Deep periprosthetic infection is one of the most serious complications after total knee replacement. The two-stage procedure with implantation of a temporary cement spacer and later re-implantation of a revision total knee prosthesis is an accepted procedural standard. The use of articulating spacers has been proposed to enhance ease of revision and functional results.
Patients and methods
Twenty-three patients treated with an articulating spacer were retrospectively studied. All patients had undergone a two-stage surgery. The infected prosthesis was explanted and the femoral component was sterilized and re-implanted. On the tibial side a block of gentamicin-loaded bone cement was produced intraoperatively using specially manufactured templates. Eighteen total knee arthroplasty revisions and 5 arthrodesis were finally performed.
A total of three (13%) re-infections occurred 5–20 months after revision total knee arthroplasty in a mean follow-up period of 47 months. Prior to re-implantation, flexion with the articulating spacer ranged between 15 and 100° (mean 68±28°). The average postoperative flexion after re-implantation of total knee replacement was 105±11°.
The articulating spacer used in this study appears to be as effective as the standard procedures in terms of re-infection risk rate and postoperative range of motion recovery.
Level of evidence
Level IV.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Knee, Total knee arthroplasty, Infection, Two-stage revision, Articulating spacer