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Recently, the use and evaluation of biologics increased in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). However, no international recommendation is available concerning the use of biologics with regards to the subset of patients who should be treated, the optimal time to treat, the objective of treatment and the manner to discontinue it. To address these complex questions, we focused on biologics already evaluated in at least two published randomized controlled trials. We summarized the results of these trials and available observational data in registries. Taking into account the clinical evidence, we proposed some guidance on the way biologics could be used in SLE. Many areas of uncertainty persist and require intensifying efforts from the academic world to set up new trials, and develop international recommendations.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.