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Systemic sclerosis per se should not be considered as an a priori contraindication for a pre-transplantation assessment in patients with advanced interstitial lung disease and/or pulmonary hypertension. For lung or heart-lung transplantation, a multidisciplinary approach, adapting the pre-transplant assessment to systemic sclerosis and optimizing systemic sclerosis patient management before, during and after surgery should improved the short- and long-term prognosis. Indications and contraindications for transplantation have to be adapted to the specificities of systemic sclerosis. A special focus on the digestive tract involvement and its thorough evaluation are mandatory before transplantation in systemic sclerosis. As the esophagus is almost always involved, isolated gastro-oesophageal reflux disease, pH metry and/or manometry abnormalities should not be a systematic per se contraindication for pre-transplantation assessment. Corticosteroids may be harmful in systemic sclerosis as they are associated with acute renal crisis. A low dose corticosteroids protocol for immunosuppression is therefore advisable in systemic sclerosis.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.