The present study aims to restudy the correlation between the internal auditory meatus (IAM), the cochlear nerve canal (CNC), the cochlear nerve (CN) and inner ear malformations.
The abnormal diameter of the IAM, CNC and CN in patients with any kind of inner ear malformations were evaluated using multi-slice spiral computed tomography (MSCT) (37 patients) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) (18 patients).
Of 37 MSCT-diagnosed patients, 2 had IAM atresia, 11 IAM stenosis, 22 enlarged IAM, and 2 normal IAM with an abnormal CN. MRI diagnoses of 18 patients revealed 8 cases of aplastic CN, 6 hypoplastic CN, and 4 normal CN. CNC stenosis was associated with CN hypoplasia (P<0.001). Patients with absent or stenotic IAM had less CN development than those with normal or enlarged IAM (P=0.001).
We propose a modification of existing classification systems with a view to distinguishing malformations of the IAM, CNC and CN.
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Publié par Elsevier Masson SAS.