Because of its excellent sensitivity and specificity to diagnose arterial ischemic stroke (AIS) in the acute phase, MRI answers the main questions to guide treatment in “candidates” for thrombolysis. It lasts less than ten minutes, can confirm the diagnosis of AIS and distinguish it from hematomas and other “stroke mimics”. It can identify the ischemic penumbra (perfusion-diffusion mismatch), determine the site of occlusion and provide prognostic information to adapt treatment in some cases in which the indications are poorly defined. In light of the most recent scientific findings, MRI can guide the treatment turning it into the investigation of choice in “candidates” for thrombolysis.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Arterial ischemic stroke, Thrombolysis, Diffusion-weighted imaging, Penumbra, Perfusion-weighted imaging