The many radiographic views suggested for evaluating anterior femoroacetabular impingement (FAI), due to a cam effect, are not specific for this condition and have not been proven of diagnostic value in studies, including control groups. Using a new and specific radiographic view, we evaluated the reproducibility of the main radiographic criteria for FAI, determined normal values for these criteria in a control group, and established diagnostic threshold values.
This specific view offers good reproducibility and effectively detects abnormal values of criteria for FAI.
Materials and methods
Inter-observer and intra-observer reproducibility of specific radiographic criteria (αangle and modified head-neck offset [HNO]) were computed from preoperative and postoperative radiographs of 96 hips (75 patients, 61 males and 14 females) using the specific 45°-45°-30° frog-leg view (F45 view). Values in the group with FAI were compared to those in a control group of asymptomatic volunteers (100 hips, 27 males and 23 females).
Inter-observer and intra-observer reproducibility was very good, with intra-class correlation coefficients of 0.955and 0.987, respectively, for the α angle and of 0.895 and 0.984, respectively, for the HNO. Mean values of both parameters differed significantly between the FAI and control groups: 73.9° (53° to 96°) vs. 49.3° (35° to 69°) for the αangle, respectively; and 2.5mm (–4.6 to 9.4) vs. 7.6mm (1.7 to 11.8) for HNO, respectively. The normal values defined as the boundary of the 95% reference interval in the control group were<60.2° for the α angle, and>4.6mm for the HNO.
The45°-45°-30° frog-leg view is useful for diagnosing FAI due to a cam effect. This view is easy to perform, and the thresholds determined in our study assist in its interpretation: α angle values>58° in females and>63° in males indicate cam-type femoral geometry. In both genders, HNO values<5mm support a diagnosis of anterior FAI.
Level of evidence
Level III, case-control study.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Femoroacetabular impingement, Cam effect, Alpha angle, Head-neck offset, Frog-leg view
|☆|| This work was awarded the first Advanced Orthopaedic Surgery Degree (Diplôme d’Études Spécialisées Complémentaires en Chirurgie Orthopédique) prize from the Academy for Orthopaedics and Traumatology (AOT) at the 86th French SoFCOT meeting.