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Archives de pédiatrie
Volume 22, n° 12
pages 1276-1278 (décembre 2015)
Doi : 10.1016/j.arcped.2015.09.006
Received : 13 January 2015 ;  accepted : 14 September 2015
Une cause rare de masse cervicale chez l’enfant : le neurofibrome plexiforme isolé
A rare cause of cervical swelling in a child: Solitary plexiform neurofibroma

A. Es Seddiki a, , M. Rkain a, S. Messaoudi a, H. Benhadou b, N. Benajiba a
a Service de pédiatrie, CHU Mohamed VI, Oujda, Maroc 
b Service de chirurgie pédiatrique, CHU Mohamed VI, Oujda, Maroc 

Auteur correspondant.

Le neurofibrome plexiforme est une tumeur bénigne rare des nerfs périphériques aux dépens des cellules conjonctives du périnèvre. Souvent considéré comme pathognomonique de la neurofibromatose de type 1 (NF1 ou maladie de von Recklinghausen), il peut cependant être observé hors de ce contexte, de façon isolée, notamment chez l’enfant. Son diagnostic est essentiellement anatomopathologique et le traitement est avant tout chirurgical pour éviter toute dégénérescence. Nous rapportons l’observation d’un cas de neurofibrome plexiforme cervical isolé découvert chez un enfant de neuf ans.

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Plexiform neurofibroma is a rare benign tumor of the peripheral tissue cells developed in the perineurium. Often considered pathognomonic of neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1 or von Recklinghausen disease), it can be solitary without NF1, especially in children. The diagnosis is essentially pathological and treatment is primarily surgical to avoid malignant degeneration. We report on a case of cervical solitary plexiform neurofibroma discovered in a 9-year-old child.

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 Les auteurs déclarent que cet article n’a pas été l’objet d’une communication ou d’une publication préliminaire.

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