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Archives de pédiatrie
Volume 23, n° 9
pages 990-995 (septembre 2016)
Doi : 10.1016/j.arcped.2016.06.007
Received : 10 December 2015 ;  accepted : 16 June 2016
Dents natales et néonatales : connaissances actuelles et prise en charge
Natal and neonatal teeth: Update on current knowledge and treatments
 

C. Gouédard a, , b, c , P. de Vries d, f, C. Darbin-Luxcey a, b, H. Foray a, b, F. d’Arbonneau a, b, e
a Faculté d’odontologie de Brest, UBO-UEB, 22, avenue Camille-Desmoulins, 29200 Brest, France 
b Service d’odontologie du CHRU de Brest, 2, rue Auguste-Le-Faux, 29200 Brest, France 
c Laboratoire brestois de mécanique et des systèmes EA 4325, 29200 Brest, France 
d Service de chirurgie pédiatrique du CHRU de Brest, 5, avenue Foch, 29200 Brest, France 
e Unité Inserm 1078, faculté de médecine de Brest, 22, avenue Camille-Desmoulins, 29200 Brest, France 
f EA 4685, laboratoire de neurosciences de Brest (LNB), université de Bretagne-Occidentale, Brest, France 

Auteur correspondant.
Résumé

Naître avec une dent, c’est possible ! En effet, il peut arriver que des dents soient présentes dès la naissance (dents natales) ou qu’elles apparaissent dans le premier mois de vie (dents néonatales). Dans leur forme et leur composition, elles ressemblent aux dents temporaires physiologiques. D’étiologie encore méconnue, les dents natales et néonatales restent un phénomène rare. La thérapeutique doit être adaptée à chaque dent, à chaque enfant. De ce fait, plusieurs traitements s’offrent aux chirurgiens-dentistes : du maintien sur l’arcade à l’avulsion. L’objectif de cet article est d’aider les médecins et les pédiatres à comprendre ce phénomène et leur fournir les armes pour une prise en charge optimale des enfants et de leurs parents.

The full text of this article is available in PDF format.
Summary

Being born with a tooth is indeed possible! Teeth may be present at birth (natal tooth) or they may appear within the 1st month of life (neonatal tooth). In their shape and composition, they look like physiological primary teeth. Of still unknown etiology, natal and neonatal teeth remain an uncommon phenomenon. Hereditary, endocrine, or environmental factors may be involved: no conclusive relationship has been proven. The treatment must be adapted to each tooth and each child. Several treatments are available to dental surgeons: extraction or arch maintenance. The aim of this article is to help doctors and pediatricians understand this phenomenon and provide them with tools to support these children and their parents optimally.

The full text of this article is available in PDF format.


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