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Archives de pédiatrie
Volume 24, n° 5S
pages 545-548 (mai 2017)
Doi : 10.1016/S0929-693X(17)24009-3
Prévalence de la carence en fer
Prevalence of iron deficiency

C. Dupont
 Service d’explorations fonctionnelles digestives, hôpital Necker-Enfants malades, 149, rue de Sèvres, 75015 Paris, France 


Les études de prévalence de la carence en fer distinguent la déplétion martiale (diminution isolée de la ferritinémie) et l’anémie par carence martiale (diminution de la ferritinémie associée à une baisse de l’hémoglobinémie). En Europe, la plupart des études sont anciennes. Les prévalences rapportées pour la déplétion martiale sont de 7 à 18 % chez les nourrissons et jeunes enfants et de 24 à 36 % chez les adolescents. Celles observées pour l’anémie par carence martiale sont respectivement de 2 à 8,5 % et 7 à 10 %. Dans les pays africains francophones, les Enquêtes démographiques et de santé (EDS) en Afrique francophone montrent que 80 % des enfants de 0 à 2 ans sont anémiés, dont 5 à 9 % de façon sévère.

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Studies of prévalence in iron deficiency separate iron depletion (defined as decreased blood ferritin) and iron deficiency anemia (defined as blood decrease in both ferritin and hemoglobin). In Europe, most studies are outdated. Prevalence of iron depletion varies from 7 to 18 % and 24 to 36% in toddlers and adolescents, respectively. Prevalence of iron deficiency anemia varies from 2 to 8.5% and 7 to 10% in toddlers and adolescents. In French speaking African countries, Demography Health Surveys show that 80% of children aged 0 to 2 years are anemic, severely for 5 to 9% of them.

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