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Neurochirurgie
Vol 47, N° 4  - août 2001
p. 439
Doi : NCHIR-09-2001-47-4-0028-3770-101019-ART4
Cas clinique court

Neurosarcoïdose intramédullaire inaugurale d'une sarcoïdose systémique
À propos d'un cas et revue de la littérature
 

V. Pierre-Kahn [1], L. Capelle [1], A. Sbaï [2], P. Cacoub [2], J.-C. Piette [2], D. Fohanno [1]
[1] Service de Neurochirurgie,
[2] Service de Médecine Interne, Hôpital de la Pitié, 75651 Paris Cedex 3.

Abstract
Intramedullary spinal cord sarcoidosis. Case report and review of the literature

Sarcoidosis is a multisystemic granulomatosis disease of unknown etiology which commonly involves hilary nodes and lungs. Involvement of the nervous system represents 5 to 15 % of the cases. We report on a rare case of cervicothoracic spinal cord sarcoidosis in an African man and review the literature on the subject. His only symptoms were those of a subacute myelopathy. On MR-imaging, coexistence of abnormal signal of cervicothoracic spinal cord with mediastinal lymphnodes was suggestive of sarcoidosis, which was confirmed by bronchial biopsies making unnecessary biopsies of the spinal cord lesion. Under corticotherapy both symptoms and radiological abnormalities rapidly regressed. We emphasize the rarity of sarcoidosis exclusively revealed by a myelopathy. We stress the importance of searching other localizations which are easier and safer to biopsy than the spinal cord lesion itself and illustrate the MR appearances of the lesion which are suggestive, however not specific of the disease.

Keywords: sarcoidosis. , spinal cord. , intramedullary. , magnetic resonance imaging.






© 2001 Elsevier Masson SAS. Tous droits réservés.
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