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Archives de pédiatrie
Volume 25, n° 3
pages 182-188 (avril 2018)
Doi : 10.1016/j.arcped.2018.02.002
Received : 7 November 2016 ;  accepted : 2 February 2018
Research Papers

Étude du fonctionnement adaptatif d’adultes présentant une déficience intellectuelle : rôles des apprentissages réalisés dans l’enfance, de l’âge et du quotient intellectuel ; étude préliminaire observationnelle de 16 adultes
Adaptive functioning in adults with intellectual deficiency: Role of skills during childhood, age, and IQ in a preliminary study of 16 adults
 

A. Minguez a, , M. Milh b
a ADAPEI Var-Méditerranée, ESAT-Foyers Le Mas de Paracol, 870, route de Bras, 83143 Le Val, France 
b Service de neurologie pédiatrique, hôpital de la Timone, AP–HM, 264, rue Saint-Pierre, 13005 Marseille, France 

Auteur correspondant.
Abstract

The objective of this study was to investigate the adaptive functioning of adults who had a slight to moderate intellectual deficiency, in regard of age and intellectual quotient (IQ). Cognitive and adaptive functioning were evaluated using the WAIS and VINELAND scales in 16 adults who accepted to participate in this study. We found a correlation between global IQ and each domain of the adaptive score, mostly communication skills. We also found that there was an age effect on socialization skills. Most skills were learned during infancy and adolescence, especially communication skills, which are highly stable at different ages and highly correlated with IQ. However, some abilities are still acquired in adulthood, mostly socialization skills, especially in persons with the lowest IQ. These data are of particular interest for people caring for disabled adults.

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Keywords : Intellectual deficiency, Adaptive functioning, Vineland, WAIS, Cognitive functioning




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