1 Iconography
Access to the text (HTML) Access to the text (HTML)
PDF Access to the PDF text

Access to the full text of this article requires a subscription.
  • If you are a subscriber, please sign in 'My Account' at the top right of the screen.

  • If you want to subscribe to this journal, see our rates


Orthopaedics & Traumatology: Surgery & Research
Sous presse. Epreuves corrigées par l'auteur. Disponible en ligne depuis le samedi 25 août 2018
Doi : 10.1016/j.otsr.2018.01.011
Received : 26 July 2017 ;  accepted : 22 January 2018
Ulnar variance according to gender and side during aging: An analysis of 600 wrists

E. Sayit a, A. Tanrivermis Sayit b, , M. Bagir a, Y. Terzi c
a Samsun Education and Research Hospital, Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Samsun, Turkey 
b Ondokuz Mayis University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Radiology, Samsun, Turkey 
c Ondokuzmayis University Faculty of Art and Science, Department of Statistics, Samsun, Turkey 

Corresponding author. Ondokuz Mayis University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Radiology, Samsun, 55139 Turkey.Ondokuz Mayis University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Radiology, Samsun, 55139 Turkey.

Ulnar variance, or the difference in height between the joint surfaces of the distal radius and ulna, may play a role in several diseases of the wrist.


This study was to conduct a detailed analysis of ulnar variance in a wider case series by dividing the patients’ radiographs into groups according to age, gender, and side.

Materials and methods

Twenty groups were created in order to investigate the change of ulnar variance according to age, gender, and side. Each group was planned to have 30 wrists. Wrist radiographs were scanned retrospectively, and ulnar variance was measured using the method of perpendiculars. Patients with any arthritic conditions, avascular necrosis, congenital deformities, bone and soft tissue tumors, and previous fractures or surgeries, and those radiographs, which were not at the exact anteroposterior position, and with insufficient technique were not included the study.


Six hundrends wrists (300 males [150 right, and 150 left wrists], and 300 females [150 right, and 150 left wrists]) were included in this study. There was a significant difference between the males (median: 0.4, minimum: −3.8, maximum: 5.1) and females (median: 0.85, minimum: −4.8, maximum: 5.7), regardless of the age and side (p =0.043). In the right wrists only (regardless of age), there was also a significant difference between the males (median: 0, minimum: −3.8, maximum: 5.1) and females (median: 0.8, minimum: −3.9, maximum: 5.7) (p =0.025). No statistically significant differences were found within the males and females with regard to aging, or between the sides in the same sex in any decade. In addition, there were no significant differences between the same sides in the males and females in any decade.


Although this study has one of the larger series in the literature, further studies should be done in different populations and ethnicities to obtain more accurate results, and to understand the relationship between ulnar variance and specific wrist disorders.

Level of evidence

Level III.

The full text of this article is available in PDF format.

Keywords : Age, Decades, Gender, Ulnar variance, Side

© 2018  Elsevier Masson SAS. All Rights Reserved.
EM-CONSULTE.COM is registrered at the CNIL, déclaration n° 1286925.
As per the Law relating to information storage and personal integrity, you have the right to oppose (art 26 of that law), access (art 34 of that law) and rectify (art 36 of that law) your personal data. You may thus request that your data, should it be inaccurate, incomplete, unclear, outdated, not be used or stored, be corrected, clarified, updated or deleted.
Personal information regarding our website's visitors, including their identity, is confidential.
The owners of this website hereby guarantee to respect the legal confidentiality conditions, applicable in France, and not to disclose this data to third parties.
Article Outline