3 Iconography
1 Complement
Access to the text (HTML) Access to the text (HTML)
PDF Access to the PDF text

Access to the full text of this article requires a subscription.
  • If you are a subscriber, please sign in 'My Account' at the top right of the screen.

  • If you want to subscribe to this journal, see our rates


Orthopaedics & Traumatology: Surgery & Research
Sous presse. Epreuves corrigées par l'auteur. Disponible en ligne depuis le vendredi 21 septembre 2018
Doi : 10.1016/j.otsr.2018.04.032
Received : 20 December 2017 ;  accepted : 10 April 2018
Distal femoral torsion: Differences between caucasians and asians. A multicentre computed tomography study of 515 distal femurs

Jérôme Murgier a, Élodie Chantalat b, Ke Li c, Philippe Chiron a, Norbert Telmon d, Wei Huang c, Emilie Berard d, Etienne Cavaignac a, e,
a CHU de Toulouse, hôpital Pierre-Paul Riquet, institut musculo squelettique, 31059 Toulouse, France 
b Laboratoire d’anatomie, faculté de médecine, 31000 Toulouse, France 
c Service de chirurgie orthopédique, Premier hôpital affilié de l’université de médecine de Chongqing, Chongqing, China 
d UMR1027 Inserm, service d’épidémiologie, analyse en santé publique, université de Toulouse III, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire (CHU), Toulouse, France 
e Laboratoire AMIS, UMR 5288 CNRS, université Paul-Sabatier, 37, allée Jules-Guesdes, 31000 Toulouse, France 

Corresponding author. CHU de Toulouse, hôpital Pierre-Paul Riquet, institut musculo squelettique, place du Dr Baylac TSA 40031, 31059 Toulouse, France.CHU de Toulouse, hôpital Pierre-Paul Riquet, institut musculo squelettiqueplace du Dr Baylac TSA 40031Toulouse31059France

The posterior condylar angle (PCA) is formed by the posterior condylar line (PCL) and the clinical (or anatomic) transepicondylar line (TEL). The primary objective of this study was to compare the distribution of PCA values in Caucasians and Asians free of knee osteoarthritis. The secondary objectives were to assess PCA variability according to age, gender, and side.


PCA values differ between Caucasians and Asians.


The study included the computed tomography scans of 515 healthy femurs, 259 from Asians in China and 256 from Caucasians in France. PCA values were determined based on four landmarks, namely, the two femoral epicondyles and the most prominent point of each condyle at the posterior aspect of the knee. The Mann-Whitney test was chosen to compare PCA values according to ethnic group, gender, and side and Spearman's correlation coefficient to assess correlations with age. Inter-observer and intra-observer variability of PCA measurements was assessed.


Mean PCA was 6.0°±2.5° (range, 0°–14°) overall, 6.4° (range, 0.31°–14.1°) in the Asians, and 5.5° (range, 0°–13.1°) in the Caucasians (p <0.0001). Chinese femurs are significantly more internally rotated. No differences in PCA values were found according to age (p =0.4307), gender (p =0.7113), or side (p =0.4304). Inter-observer and intra-observer variability was limited for each of the landmarks, indicating that PCA measurement was reliable.


PCA varies not only across individuals as reported previously, but also across ethnic groups. This finding further supports routine PCA measurement on imaging studies before total knee arthroplasty.

Level of evidence

III, comparative retrospective study.

The full text of this article is available in PDF format.

Keywords : Knee, Distal femoral torsion, Bone geometry, Posterior condylar angle, Condylar twist angle, Asians, Caucasians

© 2018  Elsevier Masson SAS. All Rights Reserved.
EM-CONSULTE.COM is registrered at the CNIL, déclaration n° 1286925.
As per the Law relating to information storage and personal integrity, you have the right to oppose (art 26 of that law), access (art 34 of that law) and rectify (art 36 of that law) your personal data. You may thus request that your data, should it be inaccurate, incomplete, unclear, outdated, not be used or stored, be corrected, clarified, updated or deleted.
Personal information regarding our website's visitors, including their identity, is confidential.
The owners of this website hereby guarantee to respect the legal confidentiality conditions, applicable in France, and not to disclose this data to third parties.
Article Outline