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Archives de pédiatrie
Volume 26, n° 1
pages 30-33 (janvier 2019)
Doi : 10.1016/j.arcped.2018.10.001
Received : 8 August 2018 ;  accepted : 14 October 2018
Research papers

Age at menarche and place of residence (Marrakesh, Morocco)
 

R. Zakaria , H. Amor, A. Baali
 Laboratory of Human Ecology, Faculty of Science Semlalia, Cadi Ayyad Marrakesh University, Avenue Prince Moulay Abdellah, BP 2390, Marrakesh, Morocco 

Corresponding author.
Abstract
Purpose

The aim of the study was to determine the age at menarche of Moroccan girls by place of residence (rural vs. urban).

Methods

The data were derived from a survey conducted between 2014 and 2016 in schools of the Marrakesh region. A total of 433 questionnaires were completed by 433 girls aged 9–18 years, with 245 (56.6%) living in urban areas and 188 (43.4%) in rural areas. The mean and median age at menarche of the girls were estimated by retrospective and status-quo methods, respectively. The sociodemographic variables used were the parents’ educational level, the parents’ socioeconomic status, and family size.

Results

Out of the 433 girls surveyed, 265 had attained menarche, and the mean was at 13.10 years. The median age at menarche was 13.46 years. According to the place of residence, the girls living in urban areas on average had their first menstruation earlier than girls from rural areas. The mean and median ages at menarche of urban girls were 12.96 years and 13.16 years, respectively, compared with 13.34 years and 13.94 years for their rural counterparts.

Conclusion

What can be inferred from this study is that the place of residence is a differential factor of age at menarche. This can be related to differences in the living conditions between the two environments.

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Keywords : Age at menarche, Place of residence, Marrakesh, Morocco




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