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Orthopaedics & Traumatology: Surgery & Research
Sous presse. Epreuves corrigées par l'auteur. Disponible en ligne depuis le jeudi 14 février 2019
Doi : 10.1016/j.otsr.2018.11.017
Received : 2 December 2017 ;  accepted : 14 November 2018
Do we need to stabilize and treat the os acromiale when performing reverse shoulder arthroplasty?
 

Ali Erşen a, Serkan Bayram a, , Ata Can Atalar b, Mehmet Demirhan c
a Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Istanbul Faculty of Medicine, Istanbul University, 34050 Çapa Fatih, Istanbul, Turkey 
b Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Acıbadem University Faculty of Medicine, Istanbul, Turkey 
c Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, KOÇ University School of Medicine, Sariyer, Istanbul, Turkey 

Corresponding author.
Abstract
Introduction

The purpose of this study is to investigate the incidence of os acromiale in patients who had reverse shoulder arthroplasty (RSA) for rotator cuff tear arthropathy and the effect of presence of os acromiale on the functional results.

Hypothesis

We hypothesize than in the presence of os acromiale, the contraction strength of the deltoid would decrease due to the dynamic downward depression of the bony fragment leading to less favorable clinical results.

Material and method

A total 46 patients with a mean age of 70.8 who had RSA and a minimum follow-up of 24 months were included in this study. Preoperative radiographs, computerized tomography scans and magnetic resonance images were examined to determine the presence of os acromiale.

Results

A total of 10 patients out of 46 (22%) with os acromiale, all of which were of mesoacromion type, were followed up for 59.7 months. While both groups had significant improvements in Constant, Q-DASH and VAS scores compared to their preoperative status, a significant difference between the groups could not be found. The radiological evaluation showed that the average acromiohumeral distance significantly increased postoperatively in both groups. The acromiohumeral distance was significantly shorter in patients with os acromiale.

Discussion

While the presence of os acromiale does not have an adverse effect on the clinical results of the RSA, the loose fragment can migrate distally in the postoperative period due to the tension in the deltoid.

Level of evidence

III, case-control study.

The full text of this article is available in PDF format.

Keywords : Reverse shoulder arthroplasty, Os acromiale, Deltoid tension, Cuff tear arthopaty




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