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Orthopaedics & Traumatology: Surgery & Research
Sous presse. Epreuves corrigées par l'auteur. Disponible en ligne depuis le samedi 23 février 2019
Doi : 10.1016/j.otsr.2018.10.025
Received : 19 September 2018 ;  accepted : 18 October 2018
Nerve root compression by lumbar disc herniation: A french discovery?

Arnaud Blamoutier
 Centre de chirurgie du rachis, CHP Saint Grégoire, 7, boulevard de la Boutière, 35560 Saint Grégoire, France 


In the world literature, the study of 19 patients reported in 1934 by WJ. Mixter et JS. Barr is credited with being the first report of surgical excision to treat lumbar disc herniation. In 1909, several reports of surgery to remove tumours causing compression of the lumbar nerve roots were published. However, no links were established between the intervertebral disks and these tumours, which were classified as enchondromas. In 1930, the neurologist T. Alajouanine and the surgeon D. Petit-Dutaillis built on work by the German pathologist CG Schmorl and on their personal experience with two surgically treated patients to write detailed descriptions of disc herniations and their underlying mechanisms. Although they were the first to gain a clear understanding of lumbar disc herniation, their work remained unrecognised, probably due to both language barriers and their failure to report on a larger number of patients.

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Keywords : Lumbar disc herniation, Surgery, History

 To improve the dissemination of information contained in a chapter of the book Les Cahiers du Cercle Nicolas Andry published in 2018 by Sauramps (ISBN 9791030301878), which is of considerable interest to the OTSR readership, this chapter is published here, with permission from the editor. ©Sauramps, Montpellier, 2018. All rights reserved.

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