3 Iconography
Access to the text (HTML) Access to the text (HTML)
PDF Access to the PDF text

Access to the full text of this article requires a subscription.
  • If you are a subscriber, please sign in 'My Account' at the top right of the screen.

  • If you want to subscribe to this journal, see our rates

  • You can purchase this item in Pay Per ViewPay per View - FAQ : 30,00 € Taxes included to order
    Pages Iconography Videos Other
    4 3 0 0

Journal of Stomatology Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Volume 120, n° 2
pages 106-109 (avril 2019)
Doi : 10.1016/j.jormas.2019.01.004
Received : 18 Mars 2018 ;  accepted : 3 January 2019
Original Articles

Hooliganism and maxillofacial trauma: The surgeon should be warned

I. Romanet a, , N. Graillon a, b, M.K. Le Roux a, b, L. Guyot a, c, C. Chossegros a, d, M. De Boutray e, J.M. Foletti a, b
a AP–HM, Pôle PROM, service de chirurgie maxillo-faciale, 13005 Marseille, France 
b Aix Marseille université, IFSTTAR, LBA, 13005 Marseille, France 
c Aix Marseille université, CNRS, EFS, ADES, 13005 Marseille, France 
d Aix Marseille université, CNRS, LPL, 13005 Aix-en-Provence, France 
e CHU de Montpellier Gui de Chauliac, maxillofacial surgery unit, 13005 Montpellier, France 

Corresponding author.

With more than 270 million spectators, football – or soccer – is the most popular sport in the world. International football events generate many risky situations, including hooliganism and are an opportunity to analyze the incidence and the particularities of associated trauma. We sought to underline the potential rapid and brutal increase in maxillofacial trauma during a world-class competition.

Material and methods

A retrospective multicenter study of the epidemiology of maxillofacial traumas during the UEFA 2016 Cup was conducted. All the medical data from each UEFA 2016 World Cup matches from 10 June 2016 to 10 July 2016 were collected. Only the maxillofacial traumas requiring a surgery under general anesthesia and a hospitalization were included.


11 patients from 3 different cities were included. The main etiology was interpersonal violence (7/11), followed by road accidents (3/11). Open reduction with internal fixation of a mandibular fracture was the most performed surgery (9/11). Patients were 18 to 50 year-old, with an average age of 30.6 years.


This study underlines the violence of riots between “ultra” supporters during the 2016 UEFA cup. We noticed an upsurge of maxillofacial trauma severe enough to require a surgery under general anesthesia. Hooligan behaviors should be known by every practitioner dealing with trauma care, and may requires transitional adjustment of public health policy.

The full text of this article is available in PDF format.

Keywords : Maxillofacial trauma, Hooliganism, Riot

© 2019  Published by Elsevier Masson SAS.
EM-CONSULTE.COM is registrered at the CNIL, déclaration n° 1286925.
As per the Law relating to information storage and personal integrity, you have the right to oppose (art 26 of that law), access (art 34 of that law) and rectify (art 36 of that law) your personal data. You may thus request that your data, should it be inaccurate, incomplete, unclear, outdated, not be used or stored, be corrected, clarified, updated or deleted.
Personal information regarding our website's visitors, including their identity, is confidential.
The owners of this website hereby guarantee to respect the legal confidentiality conditions, applicable in France, and not to disclose this data to third parties.
Article Outline