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Journal of Stomatology Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Volume 120, n° 2
pages 154-156 (avril 2019)
Doi : 10.1016/j.jormas.2018.11.001
Received : 2 July 2018 ;  accepted : 1 November 2018
Case Reports

About a pediatric facial trauma

G. Giran a, , H. Bertin a, C. Koudougou a, F. Sury b, B. Croisé b, B. Laure b
a Department of maxillofacial surgery, Nantes university hospital, 1, place Alexis-Ricordeau, 44093 Nantes cedex 1, France 
b Department of maxillofacial and plastic surgery, Tours university hospital, 37170 Tours, France 

Corresponding author.

Less-lethal weapon are more and more used in law enforcement to neutralize combative individuals and to disperse riot crowds. Even if this type of weapon has been created to be less damaging than classical firearms, it has been incriminated many times in cases of facial injuries with functional consequences, even death. In many countries, these guns can be possessed by average citizens. They could be extremely harmful when handled by inexperienced users and cannot be considered solely as defense weapons. Interestingly, little literature is available concerning facial injuries caused by the less-lethal weapons. We report the case of a ballistic wound on a 3-year-old child.

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Keywords : Orbital fractures, Wounds, Gunshot, Weapons, Adverse effects

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