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Archives de pédiatrie
Volume 26, n° 3
pages 158-160 (avril 2019)
Doi : 10.1016/j.arcped.2019.02.007
Received : 20 July 2018 ;  accepted : 3 February 2019
Research Papers

Epidemiological profile of burns in children in central and southern Tunisia: A 67-case series
 

I. Ghorbel, F. Bouaziz , K. Loukil, S. Moalla, M. Gassara, K. Ennouri
 Plastic Surgery Department, UHC Habib Bourguiba, El Firdaws Street 3089, Sfax, Tunisia 

Corresponding author.
Abstract
Introduction

Burns are among the most frequent injuries in children. They are a major cause of morbidity and mortality in low- and middle-income countries. This study aimed to describe the epidemiological aspects of burns in this environment and to propose preventive measures.

Patients and methods

A retrospective study was conducted between 1 January 2012 and 31 December 2013. It included children less than 16 years old who were hospitalized for burn injuries in our department. We adopted the hospitalization criteria proposed by the French Society for the Study and Treatment of Burns. The data were collected from medical records and concerned both patients and burn characteristics.

Results

We recorded 67 cases, with 44.7% under 4 years old and boys (61%) more involved than girls (39%). The incidence of burns peaked in winter (31%) and summer (27%). Burns occurred at home in 95% of the cases. Hot liquids were the leading cause of children's burns. The time lapse between the accident and admission to the hospital was less than 24h in 57% of the cases. The average total body surface area (TBSA) burned was 8.8%. Only five patients presented a TBSA20%. The depth of the burns was superficial second-degree burns in 59% of cases. The burn involved mainly the upper limbs (65%). The average length of the hospital stay was 20.5 days. Only one patient died from severe sepsis.

Conclusion

The lack of specialized burn centers in Tunisia associated with the low socioeconomic level of our population worsened the outcome of pediatric burns. The best solution lies in prevention.

The full text of this article is available in PDF format.

Keywords : Burn, Children, Epidemiology, Prevention




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