2 Iconography
Access to the text (HTML) Access to the text (HTML)
PDF Access to the PDF text

Access to the full text of this article requires a subscription.
  • If you are a subscriber, please sign in 'My Account' at the top right of the screen.

  • If you want to subscribe to this journal, see our rates


Archives de pédiatrie
Sous presse. Epreuves corrigées par l'auteur. Disponible en ligne depuis le vendredi 24 janvier 2020
Doi : 10.1016/j.arcped.2019.12.007
Received : 13 June 2019 ;  accepted : 30 December 2019
Relationship between pediatric adiposity and cardiovascular risk factors in Saudi children and adolescents

E.M. Alissa a, b, , R.H. Sutaih a, H.Z. Kamfar a, A.E. Alagha a, Z.M. Marzouki a
a Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia 
b Elemental Spectroscopy Unit, King Fahd Medical Research Center, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia 

Corresponding author. Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, PO Box 12713, 21483 Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz UniversityPO Box 12713Jeddah21483Saudi Arabia

The etiology of childhood obesity is growing at alarming rates in developed and developing countries. The aim of the present study was to investigate the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors (hypertension, dyslipidemia, and hyperglycemia) in a sample of Saudi children and to assess their association with different measures of body adiposity.


A cross-sectional study was conducted of 200 Saudi children, who were randomly selected from the pediatric clinics at King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. Anthropometric variables were measured for all study subjects. Fasting blood samples were collected for measurement of blood glucose, insulin, and lipid profile.


Almost half of the study population was overweight and one tenth was obese according to body mass index levels, irrespective of sex. The prevalence of central obesity was higher using the waist-height ratio as opposed to waist circumference and this was true for both sexes. Significantly higher means levels of glucose, insulin, and lipids (P <0.0001 in all) were seen among overweight and obese children than their lean counterparts. All obesity measures in children were significantly associated with cardiovascular risk factors.


The severity of overall and abdominal obesity in Saudi children is associated with a higher prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors, with the relationship strength varying by sex.

The full text of this article is available in PDF format.

Keywords : Children, Adolescent, Body mass index, Waist circumference, Waist-height ratio, Cardiovascular risk factors

© 2020  French Society of Pediatrics@@#104156@@
EM-CONSULTE.COM is registrered at the CNIL, déclaration n° 1286925.
As per the Law relating to information storage and personal integrity, you have the right to oppose (art 26 of that law), access (art 34 of that law) and rectify (art 36 of that law) your personal data. You may thus request that your data, should it be inaccurate, incomplete, unclear, outdated, not be used or stored, be corrected, clarified, updated or deleted.
Personal information regarding our website's visitors, including their identity, is confidential.
The owners of this website hereby guarantee to respect the legal confidentiality conditions, applicable in France, and not to disclose this data to third parties.
Article Outline