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Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
Sous presse. Epreuves corrigées par l'auteur. Disponible en ligne depuis le lundi 3 février 2020
Doi : 10.1016/j.jaad.2019.08.018
accepted : 5 August 2019
Pediatric androgenetic alopecia: A review
 

Jacob Griggs, BA , Brandon Burroway, BS, Antonella Tosti, MD
 Department of Dermatology and Cutaneous Surgery, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, Florida 

Reprint requests: Jacob Griggs, BA, University of Miami Hospital, Department of Dermatology and Cutaneous Surgery, 1475 NW 12th Ave, Ste 2175, Miami, FL 33136.University of Miami HospitalDepartment of Dermatology and Cutaneous Surgery1475 NW 12th AveSte 2175MiamiFL33136
Abstract
Objectives

Androgenetic alopecia (AGA) is a well-known cause of hair loss in adults but is an under-recognized cause of hair loss in children and adolescents. We reviewed the existing literature regarding androgenetic alopecia in the pediatric/adolescent population.

Methods

PubMed searches were performed to identify all articles discussing AGA in a pediatric/adolescent population published up to December 2018.

Results

We identified 7 articles discussing androgenetic alopecia in patients aged younger than 18. One of these articles was a review containing data from 3 conference abstracts, which were also included in the analysis. A total of 655 cases of androgenetic alopecia were found.

Limitations

Data are limited to retrospective reviews and case reports/series.

Conclusion

AGA in the pediatric population is not uncommon, but its incidence and prevalence are unknown. It is associated with a strong family history of AGA and can typically be diagnosed clinically by physical examination and trichoscopy. Topical minoxidil, although not approved, has been used with success. Other treatment modalities are poorly studied in children.

The full text of this article is available in PDF format.

Key words : alopecia, androgenetic alopecia, androgenic alopecia, female pattern hair loss, finasteride, hair loss, male pattern hair loss, minoxidil, precocious puberty

Abbreviations used : AGA, PCOS



 Funding sources: None.
 Conflicts of interest: None.



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