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Archives de pédiatrie
Volume 8, n° S4
pages 747-751 (septembre 2001)
Doi : S0929-693X(01)80191-3
Mortalité par infections à Streptococcus pneumoniae chez l'enfant. Étude rétrospective sur cinq ans en Île-de-France
Pneumococcal mortality in children. A 5 years retrospective study
 

P. Ovetchkine , a , R. Cohen a, J. Gaudelus b
a Service de pédiatrie générale, centre hospitalier intercommunal de Créteil, 40, avenue de Verdun. 94000 Créteil, France 
b service de pédiatrie générale, hôpital Jean-Verdier, avenue du 14-Juillet, 93140 Bondy, France 

Correspondance.
Résumé

Streptococcus pneumoniae est devenue la principale bactérie incriminée dans les infections communautaires de l'enfant. Afin d'estimer la mortalité due aux infections pneumococciques chez l'enfant, nous avons mené une enquête rétrospective sur cinq ans en région Île-de-France. Compte tenu des réponses fournies, le taux de mortalité estimé est de l'ordre de 0,3/100 000/an chez l'enfant de 0–15 ans. Il s'agit principalement de nourrissons. Seulement un tiers des enfants appartiennent à des groupes à risque d'infection grave à pneumocoque. Les méningites sont la principale cause de décès. La résistance du pneumocoque aux antibiotiques ne semble pas être un facteur de risque de mortalité.

The full text of this article is available in PDF format.
Abstract

Streptococcus pneumoniae is the leading cause of community acquired infections. We conducted a 5 years retrospective study to assessed mortality of pneumococcal infections in children in the area of Paris. Regarding the provided answers, the mortality rate is 0.3/100.000/year in the 0–15 years old children. The majority of them are toddlers. Only 30% of cases occurred in high-risk children. Meningitis was the main cause of death. Pneumococcal resistance to antibiotics did not appear as a risk factor of mortality.

The full text of this article is available in PDF format.

Mots-clé : mortalité / Streptococcus pneumoniae

Keywords : child / mortality / pneumococcal infections




© 2001  Published by Elsevier Masson SAS.
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