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Nutrition clinique et métabolisme
Volume 22, n° 3
pages 100-107 (septembre 2008)
Doi : 10.1016/j.nupar.2008.07.005
Received : 14 April 2008 ;  accepted : 19 July 2008
Prévalence de l’anémie ferriprive au cours de la grossesse dans la wilaya de Blida (Nord de l’Algérie)
Prevalence of iron deficiency anaemia during pregnancy in Blida (north of Algeria)
 

Arezki Bitam , Naima Belkadi
Département de biologie, faculté des sciences agrovétérinaires et biologique, université Saad Dahleb-Blida, Blida, Algérie 

Auteur correspondant.
Résumé

Notre étude a été réalisée chez 90 femmes enceintes, qui sont équitablement réparties en trois groupes (30 femmes de trois mois de grossesse, 30 femmes de six mois de grossesse et 30 autres femmes de neuf mois de grossesse), venues en consultation prénatale dans un laboratoire privé ainsi qu’au niveau de l’hôpital de Blida, prés d’Alger. La carence martiale au cours de cette étude est de 10 % pour le groupe G1 et G2 et G3 respectivement. À l’issue de ce travail, il ressort également une prévalence de l’anémie de (10 %, 33,33 %, 46,66 %) respectivement pour les femmes de trois, six et neuf mois de grossesse. On remarque que la prévalence de l’anémie est d’autant plus élevée que l’âge de la grossesse est avancé. Ainsi, le défaut de la supplémentation martiale est d’après notre étude un facteur majeur dans l’apparition de l’anémie. Cependant, il apparaît indispensable d’envisager un programme de supplémentation systématique en fer á partir du second trimestre de la grossesse.

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Abstract

The study was carried out among 90 pregnant women divided equitably into three groups (30 pregnant women of three months and 30 of pregnant women of six months, 30 of other pregnant women of nine months) recruited at the hospital and a private laboratory located at Blida near Algiers. The definite World Health Organisation anemia at the pregnant women showing lower rate has 11g/dl. The prevalence of martial deficiency is 10% for groups G1 and G2 and G3 respectively. The results showed us a high prevalence of anaemia (10%, 33.33%, 46.66%) for the three, six and nine month of pregnancy. The prevalence of anaemia is all the more high as the age of the pregnancy is more advanced. However, it appears essential to consider a program of systematic iron supplementation from the second quarter of the pregnancy.

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Mots clés : Carence nutritionnelle, Fer, Hémoglobine, Supplémentation martiale

Keywords : Haemoglobin, Nutritional deficiency, Iron, Martial supplementation




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