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Archives of cardiovascular diseases
Volume 102, n° S1
pages 15-16 (mars 2009)
Doi : 10.1016/S1875-2136(09)72159-X
A026 Serotonin stimulates platelet receptor shedding by tumor necrosis factor-alpha-converting enzyme (ADAM17)
 

M. Canault 1, D. Duerschmied 1, D. Lievens 1, A. Brill 1, S.-M. Cifuni 1, M. Bader 2, D.-D. Wagner 1
1 Immune Disease Institute, Boston, USA 
2 Max Delbruck Center for Molecular Medicine, Berlin, GERMANY 

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Background

Peripheral serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT) is transported by platelets and released upon stimulation. In platelet cytoplasm, 5-HT is transamidated to small GTPases, promoting ⍺-granule release and primary hemostasis. Objective – We hypothesized that 5-HT could also stimulate platelet receptor shedding after binding to the membrane 5-HT receptor (5-HT2AR).

Methods

Western blot and flow cytometry were used to determine levels of the adhesion receptor GPIb⍺ on platelets or its shed fragment glycocalicin in plasma and serum from wild-type mice, Tph1-/- mice lacking peripheral 5-HT, and mice lacking functional tumor necrosis factor-alpha-converting enzyme (TACE, ADAM17). Flow chamber experiments and intravital microscopy were used to examine adhesive properties of platelets after stimulation of 5-HT2AR.

Results

Glycocalicin was significantly reduced in Tph1-/- plasma and serum. In isolated platelets, 5-HT induced significant shedding of GPIb⍺, which was increased to 60 % when 5-HT uptake was inhibited by the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor fluoxetine. Specific 5-HT2AR agonism and antagonism suggested activation of this receptor. The shedding could not be induced in TACEδZn/δZn platelets, suggesting that activated TACE shed GPIb⍺. Intracellular signaling involved phosphorylation of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase rather than G protein signaling. 5-HT2AR stimulation decreased platelet adhesion to collagen-bound von Willebrand factor under arterial shear (1500/s) and incorporation into FeCl3-induced thrombi in mesenteric arterioles.

Conclusions

Stimulation of 5-HT2AR on platelets induces TACE-mediated shedding of GPIb⍺, the key adhesion molecule under high shear conditions. Our observations provide a new pathway through which 5-HT could modulate cardiovascular disease.

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