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La Presse Médicale
Volume 38, n° 5
pages 734-739 (mai 2009)
Doi : 10.1016/j.lpm.2008.08.015
Effet de l’activité physique sur l’anxiété et la dépression
Effect of physical activity on anxiety and depression

Margarida Gaspar De Matos 1, , Luis Calmeiro 2, David Da Fonseca 3
1 Psychologue, Faculté de Mouvement Humain, Université Tecnhique de Lisbonne, et Centre de Malaria et Maladies Tropicales, 1499 Lisbonne Cedex, Portugal 
2 Division of sport and exercise sciences, University of Abertay Dundee, Dundee DD1 1HG, Royaume-Uni 
3 Pédopsychiatrie, Hôpital Sainte-Marguerite, F-13274 Marseille Cedex 09, France 

Margarida Gaspar de Matos, FMH/UTL & CMDT/UNL, Estrada da Costa, 1495-688 Cruz Quebrada, 1499 Lisboa Cedex, Portugal.
Points essentiels

Les avantages de la pratique de l’activité physique sont maintenant reconnus tant du point de vue physiologique que du point de vue psychologique.

Des études démontrent que l’activité physique est associée à une importante réduction des états dépressifs et anxieux, dans la population générale comme dans des sous-groupes ayant un diagnostic psychiatrique d’anxiété ou de dépression.

Ces bénéfices de l’exercice physique peuvent s’expliquer par des processus physiologiques, biochimiques et psychologiques.

L’activité physique peut être considérée comme une aide thérapeutique aux approches psychothérapeutiques et pharmacologiques de la dépression et de l’anxiété.

Elle semble donc constituer un type de traitement non spécifique avec un réel potentiel psychothérapeutique qui a été jusqu’ici négligé.

The full text of this article is available in PDF format.
Key points

The advantages of physical activity are widely recognised from both a physiological and a psychological perspective.

Evidence seems to demonstrate that physical activity is associated with decreases in depression and anxiety in clinical and non-clinical populations.

There are a number of physiological, biochemical and psychological explanations which should be considered to understand the psychological effects of exercise.

Physical activity may be considered as an adjunct to psychotherapeutic and pharmacological treatments of depression and anxiety.

Physical activity appears to be a non-specific form of treatment with psychotherapeutic potential that should not be ignored.

The full text of this article is available in PDF format.

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