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International Orthodontics
Volume 8, n° 2
pages 177-189 (juin 2010)
Doi : 10.1016/j.ortho.2010.03.002
Attempt at modelizing the dental arch form of the Senegalese subject

Khady Diop BA a, , Mouhammadou Mansour Faye b, Soukèye Ndoye a, Joseph Samba Diouf a, Papa Ibrahima Ngom a, Falou Diagne a
a Département d’odontologie, faculté de médecine, de pharmacie et d’odontologie, université Cheikh Anta Diop de Dakar, BP 5005, Dakar-Fann, Senegal 
b Département de physique, faculté des sciences et techniques, Senegal 

Correspondence and reprints.

Insufficient attention paid to dental arch forms during orthodontic treatment can give rise to relapses. The aim of this study was to calculate the mean dental arch form of the Senegalese subject and to suggest a characteristic polynomial function. Our sample comprised 57 Senegalese subjects aged between 13 and 33 years displaying an ideal occlusion. By superimposing all the arch curves of the different subjects in the series and by adopting intermolar distance as the standard unit, we were able to calculate the mean maxillary and mandibular arch forms and suggest a polynomial function of 6 degrees enabling production of almost perfect reproductions of these forms.

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Keywords : Modelization, Dental arch form, Senegalese subject

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