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Archives de pédiatrie
Volume 11, n° 3
pages 207-211 (mars 2004)
Doi : 10.1016/j.arcped.2003.11.011
Received : 5 June 2003 ;  accepted : 8 November 2003
La cryptosporidiose infantile dans la région de Sousse, Tunisie
Infantile cryptosporidiosis in Sousse area, Tunisia
 

A Fathallah , F Saghrouni, B Madani, N Ben Rejeb, M Ben Said
Laboratoire de parasitologie mycologie, faculté de médecine de Sousse, avenue Mohamed-El-Karoui, 4002 Sousse, Tunisie 

*Auteur correspondant.
Résumé

Objectif. – Le but de ce travail a été d’évaluer la prévalence de la cryptosporidiose infantile dans le centre de la Tunisie

Patients et méthodes. – Étude rétrospective réalisée sur une période de 12 ans (1991–2002), fondée sur la recherche d’oocystes dans les selles de 34 020 enfants immunocompétents.

Résultats. – Des cryptosporidies ont été retrouvées dans 0,32 % (108) des selles examinées. Quatre-vingt-treize pour cent des enfants parasités avaient moins de cinq ans. L’incidence était significativement plus élevée en saison estivo-automnale. Le tableau clinique était dominé par la triade diarrhée, fièvre et vomissements. L’évolution a été favorable dans tous les cas. Dans trois cas, l’infestation était asymptomatique.

Conclusion. – Ces résultats indiquent que la cryptosporidiose n’est pas rare chez les enfants diarrhéiques du centre de la Tunisie.

The full text of this article is available in PDF format.
Abstract

Objectives. – The aim of this study was to evaluate infantile cryptosporidiosis prevalence in central Tunisia.

Population and methods. – Stool samples from 34,020 immunocompetent children were investigated for oocysts through a 12-year study.

Results. – Cryptotosporidia were detected in 0.32% (108) of samples. Ninety three per cent of children were less than five years old. Incidence was much higher in summer and autumn. Leading clinical symptoms were diarrhea, fever and vomiting. Symptoms spontaneously resolved in all patients. In three cases, infection was asymptomatic.

Conclusion. – Data analysis indicate that cryptosporidiosis is not uncommon in diarrheic central Tunisian children.

The full text of this article is available in PDF format.

Mots-clé : Cryptosporidiose, Épidémiologie, Diarrhée

Keywords : Cryptosporidiosis, Epidemiologic studies, Child




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