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Archives de pédiatrie
Volume 12, n° 3
pages 333-336 (mars 2005)
Doi : 10.1016/j.arcped.2004.09.006
La rhinite allergique de l'enfant
Allergic rhinitis in childhood
 

P. Rufin
Laboratoire EFR, service de pneumologie et d'allergologie pédiatriques, hôpital Necker-Enfants-Malades, 149, rue de Sèvres, 75015 Paris, France 

Résumé

La prévalence de la rhinite allergique de l'enfant a augmenté au cours des dernières années. Un diagnostic précis s'impose, permettant de déterminer les facteurs allergiques responsables et de rechercher un asthme associé. Une prise en charge globale et précoce est souhaitable afin d'éviter l'apparition d'un asthme. Cette prise en charge associe la prévention environnementale, le traitement médicamenteux et l'immunothérapie. À côté de l'immunothérapie classique par voie sous-cutanée, l'immunothérapie par voie sublinguale semble particulièrement intéressante chez l'enfant.

The full text of this article is available in PDF format.
Abstract

Prevalence of allergic rhinitis has increased in the past years. The determination of the aeroallergens involved is important. Children with persistent rhinitis must be evaluated for asthma. Early treatment of allergic rhinitis may avoid asthma onset. The management of allergic rhinitis must include allergen avoidance, pharmacological treatment and immunotherapy. Sublingual swallow immunotherapy is a safe and effective method of treatment.

The full text of this article is available in PDF format.

Mots clés : Enfant, Rhinite allergique, ARIA, Hyperréactivité bronchique

Keywords : Child, Allergic rhinitis, ARIA, Bronchial hyperreactivity




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