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Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
Volume 52, n° 6
pages 937-958 (juin 2005)
Doi : 10.1016/j.jaad.2004.07.063


Prisana Kullavanijaya, MD, Henry W. Lim, MD
From the Department of Dermatology, Henry Ford Hospital 

Reprint requests: Henry W. Lim, MD, Department of Dermatology, Henry Ford Hospital, 2799 W Grand Blvd, Detroit, MI 48202.

Detroit, Michigan


Many agents affect the transmission of ultraviolet light to human skin. These include naturally occurring photoprotective agents (ozone, pollutants, clouds, and fog), naturally occurring biologic agents (epidermal chromophores), physical photoprotective agents (clothing, hats, make-ups, sunglasses, and window glass), and ultraviolet light filters (sunscreen ingredients and sunless tanning agents). In addition, there are agents that can modulate the effects of ultraviolet light on the skin (antioxidants and others). All of the above are reviewed in this article.

Learning objective

At the conclusion of this learning activity, participants should be able to provide an overview of all aspects of photoprotection.

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 Funding sources: None.
Conflicts of interest: None identified.

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