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Archives de pédiatrie
Volume 14, n° 9
pages 1092-1093 (septembre 2007)
Doi : 10.1016/j.arcped.2007.06.016
Received : 9 May 2006 ;  accepted : 3 June 2007
Zona chez un nourrisson
Infantile herpes zoster

S. Atmani , M. Elouardi, A. Bouharrou, M. Hida
Département de pédiatrie, hôpital universitaire de Fès, faculté de médecine et de pharmacie de Fès, route Sidi-Hrazem, km 2,200, BP 1893, 30000 Fès, Maroc 

Auteur correspondant.

La survenue d'un zona chez un nourrisson, en l'absence d'exposition pré- ou postnatale à une varicelle maternelle, est une situation rare. Nous rapportons 1 cas d'un nourrisson de 3 mois admis pour un zona du nerf sciatique. Aucune éruption cutanée chez la maman n'a été retrouvée à l'interrogatoire au cours de la grossesse, ni dans l'entourage. Nous effectuons une mise au point sur cette situation clinique rare et soulignons la spécificité de la démarche diagnostique devant un zona du petit nourrisson.

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Herpes zoster occurs seldom in infants, especially in the absence of exposure to maternal varicella either intrauterine or postnatal. We report on a case in a 3-month-old infant admitted for herpes zoster in the sciatic nerve territory. No cutaneous eruption was found in the mother or in people who were in contact with the patient. This rare clinical situation is here reviewed, showing that the absence of antenatal or postnatal exposure to herpes viruses does not preclude the occurrence of herpes zoster infection in early infancy.

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Mots clés : Zona, Varicelle, Nourrisson

© 2007  Published by Elsevier Masson SAS.
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