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Gynécologie Obstétrique & Fertilité
Volume 35, n° 12
pages 1242-1244 (décembre 2007)
Doi : 10.1016/j.gyobfe.2007.10.014
Received : 21 July 2007 ;  accepted : 12 October 2007
Prévention du blues du post-partum : étude pilote
A pilot study of prevention of postpartum blues
 

H. Chabrol, N. Coroner, S. Rusibane, N. Séjourné
Centre d'études et de recherches en psychopathologie, université de Toulouse-2-Le Mirail, 5, allée Antonio-Machado, 31058 Toulouse, France 

Auteur correspondant.
Résumé
Objectif

Le but de cette étude était d'évaluer si une information sur le blues du post-partum, donnée pendant la grossesse, pouvait avoir un effet de prévention et réduire l'intensité du blues.

Patientes et méthodes

Au troisième trimestre de leur grossesse, 37 femmes volontaires ont été réparties par randomisation en trois groupes. Le premier a reçu une information écrite, le second une information écrite et orale, le troisième étant le groupe témoin. Toutes les femmes ont complété le questionnaire de dépression postnatale d'Edimbourg (EPDS) entre le troisième et le cinquième jour du post-partum.

Résultats

Etant donné l'effectif réduit et les conséquences de ce petit nombre sur la puissance de l'étude, la comparaison des scores moyens de la composante dépressive du blues a été estimée selon l'effet taille et a suggéré un effet préventif léger et comparable des deux modes d'information.

Discussion et conclusion

Malgré la faiblesse de l'échantillon limitant la portée de l'étude, donner une information aux mères durant la grossesse permettrait de réduire l'intensité du blues du post-partum

The full text of this article is available in PDF format.
Abstract
Objective

To evaluate the effect of providing information on postpartum blues during pregnancy on the intensity of the blues.

Patients and methods

A convenient sample of 37 women agreed to participate in the study during the third trimester of pregnancy and were randomly assigned to one of three groups. The first group received a short text of information, the second group received the text which was read and discussed and the third group was the control group. All the participants completed the Edinburgh postnatal depression scale (EPDS) questionnaire during the period three to five days postpartum.

Results

Given the small number of participants in the three groups and the subsequent lack of power of the study, the magnitude of the differences between the means scores of the EPDS of the three groups was estimated using effect size (ES) and indicated a small to medium effect of providing information on the blues.

Discussion and conclusion

Despite the limitations of the study mainly linked to the small sample, this study suggests that providing information on postpartum blues during the third trimester of pregnancy may reduce the intensity of the depressive dimension of the blues symptomatology.

The full text of this article is available in PDF format.

Mots clés : Information , Prévention , Blues du post-partum , Randomisation

Keywords : Information, Prevention, Postpartum blues, Randomization




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