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Archives de pédiatrie
Volume 19, n° 10
pages 1127-1131 (octobre 2012)
Doi : 10.1016/j.arcped.2012.04.004
La carence en fer chez l’enfant et l’adolescent : un problème toujours d’actualité
Iron deficiency in children and teenagers: A health problem that is still present
 

F. Toutain , E. Le Gall, V. Gandemer
Service d’hématologie oncologie pédiatrique, centre de compétence du globule rouge, université de Rennes-I, CHU de Rennes, 263, avenue du Général-Leclerc, 35042 Rennes cedex, CS 74205, France 

Auteur correspondant.
Résumé

La carence martiale reste une réalité non seulement dans les pays en voie de développement mais aussi dans les pays industrialisés. Sa prévalence chez les enfants de moins de cinq ans est identique en Europe et aux États-Unis, de l’ordre de 7 à 9 % en moyenne avec une anémie dans 2,3 %. La carence d’apport est la cause majeure touchant particulièrement le prématuré, le nourrisson, les adolescentes et les enfants en situation précaire. Il est important d’éviter la survenue d’une anémie, surtout chez le nourrisson, en raison de ses conséquences morbides en particulier développementales. Le dépistage et des mesures de prévention simples doivent être mises en place systématiquement (supplémentation et conseils diététiques) et sont détaillés ici.

The full text of this article is available in PDF format.
Abstract

Iron deficiency remains a problem in developing countries as well as in industrial nations. The prevalence of iron deficiency in children under 5 years of age is identical in Europe and the USA, and is in the order of 7 to 9% on average with an anaemia prevalence of 2.3%. The major cause is dietary deficiency, particularly in premature babies, infants, teenagers, and children in unstable situations. It is important to prevent the development of anaemia, especially in infants, due to its morbid consequences particularly with respect to development. Screening and simple preventative measures (iron supplements and dietary advice) need to be systematically set up, particularly in at-risk populations, and are detailed in the present article.

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