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Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
Volume 62, n° 6
pages 957-961 (juin 2010)
Doi : 10.1016/j.jaad.2009.07.042
accepted : 27 July 2009
Development of Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia in patients with immunobullous and connective tissue disease receiving immunosuppressive medications

Jacqueline L. Gerhart, BS a, Amer N. Kalaaji, MD b,
a Mayo Medical School, College of Medicine, Rochester, Minnesota 
b Department of Dermatology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota 

Reprint requests: Amer N. Kalaaji, MD, Department of Dermatology, Mayo Clinic, 200 First St SW, Rochester, MN 55905.

Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP) causes morbidity and mortality in immunocompromised hosts. Data describing use of PCP prophylaxis in immunosuppressed dermatologic patients are lacking.


We sought to describe the frequency of PCP among dermatologic patients receiving immunosuppression for immunobullous disease or connective tissue disease.


We retrospectively reviewed the cases of patients with immunobullous and connective tissue disease at our department of dermatology between 1980 and 2006 who received immunosuppression and had subsequent development of pneumonia. We recorded patient characteristics, use of PCP prophylaxis, whether PCP developed, and if so, their morbidity and mortality.


Of 334 patients identified, 7 (2.1%) were given the diagnosis of PCP during immunosuppressive treatment. Of these 7 patients, 3 (43%) died within 1 month of diagnosis, and none received PCP prophylaxis.


Retrospective study design and limited patient group are limitations.


PCP prophylaxis may improve outcomes for some patients with immunobullous or connective tissue disease receiving immunosuppressive therapy.

The full text of this article is available in PDF format.

Key words : connective tissue disease, immunobullous disease, immunosuppression, Pneumocystis carinii , pneumonia

 Funding sources: None.
 Conflicts of interest: None declared.

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