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Archives of cardiovascular diseases
Volume 106, n° 5
pages 333-339 (mai 2013)
Doi : 10.1016/j.acvd.2013.02.003
Received : 6 Mars 2012 ;  accepted : 14 February 2013
Drug-induced valvular heart disease: An update
Valvulopathies médicamenteuses. Mise au point
 

Figure 1




Figure 1 : 

Patient with toxic aortic and mitral valvulopathy due to benfluorex. On this apical four-chamber view using two-dimensional echocardiography, the mitral leaflets have lost their flexibility. Note the marked remodelling of the mitral subvalvular apparatus, with slight thickening of both leaflets.


Figure 2




Figure 2 : 

Same patient as in Fig. 1: the aortic cusps are slightly thickened, restrictive and fibrous-looking, with defective central coaptation.


Figure 3




Figure 3 : 

Mechanisms of drug-induced valvular heart disease. TGFβ: transforming growth factor beta.

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