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Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
Volume 72, n° 2
pages 314-320 (février 2015)
Doi : 10.1016/j.jaad.2014.10.023
accepted : 20 October 2014
Original Articles

Voriconazole phototoxicity in children: A retrospective review

Johanna Sheu, MS a, b, Elena B. Hawryluk, MD, PhD a, b, Dongjing Guo, MPH c, d, Wendy B. London, PhD a, c, d, Jennifer T. Huang, MD a, b, d,
a Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 
b Dermatology Program, Division of Allergy and Immunology, Department of Medicine, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts 
c Division of Hematology/Oncology, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts 
d Department of Pediatric Oncology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, Massachusetts 

Reprint requests: Jennifer T. Huang, MD, Dermatology Program, Boston Children's Hospital, Fegan Sixth Floor, 300 Longwood Ave, Boston, MA 02115.

Voriconazole, an antifungal agent, is associated with various cutaneous reactions, including phototoxicity, accelerated photoaging, and skin cancer. Incidence and risk factors for these reactions in children have not been well described.


We sought to determine the incidence of and factors associated with phototoxic reactions and nonmelanoma skin cancer in pediatric patients treated with voriconazole.


This was a retrospective analysis of 430 pediatric patients treated with voriconazole between 2003 and 2013 at Boston Children's Hospital.


Incidence of phototoxicity was 20% in all children treated with voriconazole and 47% in children treated for 6 months or longer. Factors associated with phototoxicity included white race, cystic fibrosis, cumulative treatment time, and cumulative dose. Four patients (1%) had nonmelanoma skin cancer; all experienced a phototoxic reaction during voriconazole treatment. Of those with phototoxicity, 5% were discontinued on voriconazole, 6% were referred to dermatology, and 26% received counseling about sun protection from their primary physician.


Our study is limited by its retrospective design and potential referral bias associated with a tertiary-care center.


Voriconazole-associated phototoxicity is relatively common in children and may lead to nonmelanoma skin cancer. However, those with phototoxic reactions are often continued on therapy, rarely referred to dermatology, and infrequently counseled on sun protection.

The full text of this article is available in PDF format.

Key words : nonmelanoma skin cancer, pediatrics, photosensitivity, phototoxicity, squamous cell cancer, voriconazole

 Funding sources: None.
 Conflicts of interest: None declared.

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