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Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
Volume 74, n° 1
pages 68-74 (janvier 2016)
Doi : 10.1016/j.jaad.2015.09.030
accepted : 12 September 2015
Original Articles

A nongrading histologic approach to Clark (dysplastic) nevi: A potential to decrease the excision rate
 

Daniel F. Lozeau, MD, Michele J. Farber, MD, Jason B. Lee, MD
 Department of Dermatology and Cutaneous Biology, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 

Reprint requests: Jason B. Lee, MD, Department of Dermatology and Cutaneous Biology, Thomas Jefferson University, 833 Chestnut St, Suite 745, Philadelphia, PA 19107.
Abstract
Background

Despite a lack of evidence that dysplastic nevi are precursors to melanoma, a large proportion of dermatologists continue to treat them as such. Emerging data suggest that histologic grading approach may result in many unnecessary excisions.

Objective

Using a nongrading approach to diagnosis of Clark/dysplastic nevi, the current study sought to define and determine the diagnostic uncertainty rate, and to report on the results of re-excisions of such lesions.

Methods

All melanocytic nevi submitted to an academic dermatopathology laboratory between January 1, 2007, and December 31, 2013, were categorized. The number of Clark nevi recommended for re-excision divided by the total number of Clark nevi was taken to be the diagnostic uncertainty rate.

Results

This nongrading approach resulted in an excision recommendation/diagnostic uncertainty rate of 11.1%. In 2% of the excised specimens, the diagnosis was changed to melanoma.

Limitations

The study was performed at a single institution, and assigned diagnoses could not be verified other than by the diagnosing dermatopathologists. Lesions that were not submitted as re-excision specimens could have altered the results had they been available for evaluation.

Conclusion

Compared with previously reported excision rates, the current study shows that the nongrading approach to Clark nevi results in a lower excision rate while still maintaining a low rate of change in diagnosis similar to the grading approach.

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Key words : atypia, biopsy, Clark nevus, diagnostic uncertainty, dysplastic nevus, excision, melanoma



 Funding sources: None.
 Conflicts of interest: None declared.



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