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Joint Bone Spine
Volume 71, n° 6
pages 567-571 (novembre 2004)
Doi : 10.1016/j.jbspin.2004.01.008
Received : 8 July 2003 ;  accepted : 8 January 2004
Factors predicting outcomes of mechanical sciatica: a review of 1092 cases
 

Ismail Bejia , Mohamed Younes, Saoussen Zrour, Mongi Touzi, Naceur Bergaoui
Rheumatology Department, Monastir Hospital, EPS Monastir 5000, Tunisia 

*Corresponding author.
Abstract

As an extremely common symptom and major source of lost productivity, mechanical sciatica places a heavy burden on public health.

Methods. – We retrospectively reviewed 1092 medical records to determine the epidemiological, clinical, imaging study, and therapeutic characteristics of mechanical sciatica. We also looked for factors associated with adverse outcomes.

Results. – Mean patient age was 45.0 ± 13.3 years, and 61.8% of patients were women. A history of low back pain was noted in 35.2% of cases. A single nerve root was involved in 68% of cases, and L5 was the most commonly affected root. Disk herniation was the cause in 58.4% of patients. First-line conservative treatment provided relief in 75% of cases, and the overall 6-month outcome was favorable in 76.5% of cases.

Conclusion. – The multivariate analysis conducted in the overall patient population showed that factors associated with adverse 6-month outcomes were heavy labor (odds ratio (OR) = 1.69; 95% confidence interval (95% CI) = 1.01–2.86; P  = 0.049) and obesity (OR = 1.5; 95% CI = 1.01–2.47; P  = 0.05).

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Keywords : Low back pain, Sciatica, Mechanical sciatica, Disk herniation, Predictive factors




© 2004  Éditions scientifiques et médicales Elsevier SAS. All Rights Reserved.