Aspergillus terreus is the fourth leading cause of invasive and non-invasive aspergillosis and one of the causative agents of morbidity and mortality among immunocompromised and high-risk patients. A. terreus appears to have increased as a cause of opportunistic fungal infections from superficial to serious invasive infections. Although, invasive aspergillosis is often treated empirically with amphotericin B, most A. terreus isolates are resistant both in vivo and in vitro to some antifungal drugs. In this study, we aimed to evaluate antifungals susceptibility profiles of the different strains of A. terreus against amphotericin B, caspofungin, fluconazole, voriconazole, posaconazole and luliconazole. Forty A. terreus strains originating from environmental sources (air and soil) were identified using by macroscopic and microscopic features. Six antifungals including, amphotericin B, caspofungin, fluconazole, voriconazole, posaconazole and luliconazole were applied for susceptibility tests. Our results show that tested isolates had different susceptibility to antifungals. The lowest MICGM related to luliconazole (0.00236μg/ml), followed by posaconazole (0.18621μg/ml), voriconazole (0.22925μg/ml), caspofungin (0.86μg/ml), fluconazole (8μg/ml) and amphotericin B (11.12μg/ml). This study demonstrated that luliconazole had an excellent in vitro activity against all tested isolates of A. terreus, with MICGM 0.00236μg/mL than other tested antifungals. As a result, luliconazole could be a possible alternative antifungal for the treatment of aspergillosis due to A. terreus.El texto completo de este artículo está disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Aspergillus terreus, Amphotericin B, Caspofungin, Posaconazole, Fluconazole, Luliconazole, Voriconazole
Vol 27 - N° 3P. 351-356 - septembre 2017 Regresar al número
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