Resuscitation thoracotomy is a rarely performed procedure whose use, in France, remains marginal. It has five specific goals that correspond point-by-point to the causes of traumatic cardiac arrest: decompression of pericardial tamponade, control of cardiac hemorrhage, performance of internal cardiac massage, cross-clamping of the descending thoracic aorta, and control of lung injuries and other intra-thoracic hemorrhage. This approach is part of an overall Damage Control strategy, with a targeted operating time of less than 60minutes. It is indicated for patients with cardiac arrest after penetrating thoracic trauma if the duration of cardio-pulmonary ressuscitation (CPR) is <15minutes, or <10minutes in case of closed trauma, and for patients with refractory shock with systolic blood pressure <65mm Hg. The overall survival rate is 12% with a 12% incidence of neurological sequelae. Survival in case of penetrating trauma is 10%, but as high as 20% in case of stab wounds, and only 6% in case of closed trauma. As long as the above-mentioned indications are observed, resuscitation thoracotomy is fully justified in the event of an afflux of injured victims of terrorist attacks.El texto completo de este artículo está disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Trauma, Damage control, Resuscitation thoracotomy
Vol 154 - N° S1P. S35-S41 - décembre 2017 Regresar al número
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