Management of patients with penetrating trauma of the abdomen, pelvis and their surrounding compartments as well as vascular injuries depends on the patient's hemodynamic status. Multiple associated lesions are the rule. Their severity is directly correlated with initial bleeding, the risk of secondary sepsis, and lastly to sequelae. In patients who are hemodynamically unstable, the goal of management is to rapidly obtain hemostasis. This mandates initial laparotomy for abdominal wounds, extra-peritoneal packing (EPP) and resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA) in the emergency room for pelvic wounds, insertion of temporary vascular shunts (TVS) for proximal limb injuries, ligation for distal vascular injuries, and control of exteriorized extremity bleeding with a tourniquet, compressive or hemostatic dressings for bleeding at the junction or borderline between two compartments, as appropriate. Once hemodynamic stability is achieved, preoperative imaging allow more precise diagnosis, particularly for retroperitoneal or thoraco-abdominal injuries that are difficult to explore surgically. The surgical incisions need to be large, in principle, and enlarged as needed, allowing application of damage control principles.El texto completo de este artículo está disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Ballistic penetrating trauma, Damage control surgery, Packing, Vascular shunt, Multi-disciplinary approach, Hemostasis
Vol 154 - N° S1P. S43-S55 - décembre 2017 Regresar al número
Bienvenido a EM-consulte, la referencia de los profesionales de la salud.
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