Wounds due to gunshot and explosions, while usually observed during battlefield combat, are no longer an exceptional occurrence in civilian practice in France. The principles of wound ballistics are based on the interaction between the projectile and the human body as well as the transfer of energy from the projectile to tissues. The treatment of ballistic wounds relies on several principles: extremity wound debridement and absence of initial closure, complementary medical treatment, routine immobilization, revision surgery and secondary closure. Victims of explosions usually present with a complex clinical picture since injuries are directly or indirectly related to the shock wave (blast) originating from the explosion. These injuries depend on the type of explosive device, the environment and the situation of the victim at the time of the explosion, and are classed as primary, secondary, tertiary or quaternary. Secondary injuries due to flying debris and bomb fragments are generally the predominant presenting symptoms while isolated primary injuries (blast) are rare. The resulting complexity of the clinical picture explains why triage of these victims is particularly difficult. Certain myths, such as inevitable necrosis of the soft tissues that are displaced by the formation of the temporary cavitation by the projectile, or sterilization of the wounds by heat generated by the projectile should be forgotten. Ballistic-protective body armor and helmets are not infallible, even when they are not perforated, and can even be at the origin of injuries, either due to missile impact, or to the blast.El texto completo de este artículo está disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Wound ballistics, Blast, Gunshot wound, Injuries by explosion, Ballistic protection
Vol 154 - N° S1P. S9-S12 - décembre 2017 Regresar al número
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