Invasive fungal infections are an emerging health problem worldwide. They are responsible for a significant rate of morbidity and mortality. Infections caused by Candida albicans involve proliferation of biofilms on biotic or abiotic surface. These adherent communities exhibit characteristics distinct from planktonic cells such as the ability to tolerate high concentrations of antifungal.
The object of our study was focused on the determination of the susceptibility to amphotericin B, caspofungin, voriconazole and two antifungal combinations (amphotericin B/caspofungin and amphotericin B/voriconazole) of both planktonic and sessile cells of C. albicans, which were isolated from catheters.
Material and methods
The susceptibility of C. albicans to antifungals was determined using the broth microdilution method according to Clinical Laboratory Standards Institute CLSI (2008). A Checkerboard assay was employed to evaluate the efficacy of drugs combinations. Biofilm susceptibility was determined using a metabolic [2,3-bis(2-methoxy-4-nitro-5-sulfophenyl)-2H-tetrazolium-5-carboxanilide] (XTT) reduction assay.
The minimal inhibitory concentrations of individual antifungal drugs determined against C. albicans biofilms (SMICs) were significantly higher (P<0.05) than planktonic ones (MICs). They went from 2 to 64μg/mL for amphotericin B, from 1 to 64μg/mL for caspofungin and from 2 to 128μg/mL for voriconazole. The combination of amphotericin B to caspofungin or to voriconazole decreased significantly the MIC values for planctonic (P<0.0001) and sessile cells (P=0.0016). Based on Fractional Inhibitory Concentration Index (FICI), no antagonistic interaction was observed.
The obtained results showed that the combination of amphotericin B with either caspofungin or voriconazole can be used as a new strategy for management of systemic mycoses associated to medical devices.El texto completo de este artículo está disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Candida albicans, Amphotericin B, Caspofungin, Voriconazole, Antifungal combinations, Biofilm
Vol 28 - N° 3P. 414-418 - septembre 2018 Regresar al número
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