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High concentrations of BEV induced the autophagy of the LN18 and LN229 cells.
HCQ potentiated the anti-cancer effect of BEV.
HCQ inhibited autophagy of the LN18 and LN229 cells.
Bevacizumab (BEV) is widely used for the treatment of patients with recurrent glioblastoma (GBM), but recent evidence demonstrated that BEV induced cytoprotective autophagy, which allows tumor cells to survive. Hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) inhibits lysosomal acidification and blocks autophagy via influencing autophagosome fusion and degradation. HCQ is often used to enhance the efficacy of chemoradiotherapy. However, whether HCQ sensitizes GBM cells to BEV and the molecular mechanism of this effect are not clear. We showed that high concentrations of BEV increased the LC3-II/LC3-I ratio and caused the degradation of Beclin1 in the LN18 and LN229 cell lines, indicating that high concentrations of BEV induced the autophagy of the LN18 and LN229 cells. However, BEV (100 μg/ml) did not influence the autophagy of the LN18 and LN229 cells, and HCQ at less than 5 μg/ml significantly accumulated LC3B-II and p62 proteins and blocked the autophagy process. Importantly, we found that HCQ (5 μg/ml) potentiated the anti-cancer effect of BEV (100 μg/ml). Therefore, HCQ is a novel strategy that may augment the efficacy of BEV for GBM via the inhibition of autophagy.El texto completo de este artículo está disponible en PDF.
Keywords : HCQ, Autophagy, Bevacizumab, Anti-tumor