Candida species are usually found as commensal microorganisms in the oral cavity of healthy people. During chemotherapy, cytostatic drugs lead to depletion of the oral flora with the emergence of a dominant bacterial species. The transition from commensal to pathogenic state, further associated with yeast colonization and oral mucositis implies a replacement of the dominant microorganism by Candida albicans. This process goes plausibly through cooperation between C. albicans and bacteria. This study focused on the first step of cooperation between microorganisms isolated from the same oral flora either of leukemic or healthy children. C. albicans isolated from 8/20 children were cultured to display their noninvasive blastosporic yeast form and mixed with their dominant bacteria to study the capacity of planktonic aggregation and the early state of biofilm formation. None of the dominant bacteria opposed the presence of yeast, on the contrary, an interesting cooperation was observed. This behavior is apparently different from that observed when mixing the type strains. In fact, three mutated C. albicans strains display, by their spontaneous ability to form filament, enhanced risks of virulence for leukemic ill carriers. Despite such risks, neither oral nor systemic pathology were observed in ill patients probably because the study was conducted during the first course of chemotherapy and Candida colonization is related to the number of chemotherapeutic cycles. The presence of C. albicans during the initial cycle represents, by its ability to interact with oral bacteria, an actual threat for further cures.El texto completo de este artículo está disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Candida albicans, Oral bacteria, Coaggregation, Biofilm, ALS genes
Vol 29 - N° 3P. 223-232 - septembre 2019 Regresar al número
Bienvenido a EM-consulte, la referencia de los profesionales de la salud.
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