Vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC) is one of the most common lower genital tract infections in women; this unpleasant and extremely embarrassing pathology is one of the main reasons for gynaecological consultation. In Gabon, the prevalence of VVC remains poorly described even though VVC is known to be the leading gynaecological condition in several countries. This retrospective cross-sectional study sought to assess the prevalence of VVC among symptomatic women in southeastern Gabon.
Clinical samples were collected from patients suspected to have VVC during a 2-year period (from January 2016 to December 2017). Gram staining of vaginal smears provided indications of vaginal flora and confirmed the presence of yeast. Sabouraud-chloramphenicol and chromID Candida media were used to isolate yeast, and species identification was performed using morphological tests and the Vitek 2 Compact automated system.
For the 873 patients included in this study, the prevalence of VVC was 28.52%. Eleven Candida species were identified, with greater representation of Candida albicans (82.73%) than of Non C. albicans candida (NCAC) (17.27%), which were distributed as follows: Candida famata (4.02%), Candida spp. (3.61%), Candida rugosa (3.21%), Candida lipolytica (1.61%), Candida parapsilosis (1.61%), Candida glabrata (1.21%), Candida tropicalis (0.80%), Candida krusei (0.40%), Candida dubliniensis (0.40%), and Candida sphaerica (0.40%).
This study offers the first estimation of VVC among Gabonese women in childbearing age with the symptoms. It showed that VVC is very common in Gabon. C. albicans as the most commonly represented species.El texto completo de este artículo está disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Vulvovaginal candidiasis, Prevalence, Candida, Identification
Abbreviations : VVC, NCAC, CIMRF, URAM