Elastase, produced by Aspergillus fumigatus and A. flavus, is an important pathogenic factor in pulmonary aspergillosis. We investigated the possibility of using A. fumigatus-derived A. fumigatus elastase inhibitor (AFUEI) as a therapeutic agent. As native-AFUEI (N-AFUEI) has an extremely low yield, we generated a synthetic-AFUEI (S-AFUEI) and investigated whether S-AFUEI has a biological activity against A. fumigatus elastase (AFUE) and inhibits cytotoxicity.
A. fumigatus was cultured in Yeast Carbon Base (YCB) -elastin culture medium for 3–7 days, and AFUE was purified by chromatography using DE52 cellulose and Sephadex G-75 column. Elastolytic activity was examined using Glt-Ala-Ala-Pro-Leu-pNA (GAAPLNA) as the substrate. The hydrolytic activity of AFUE was determined using the characteristic substrates, fibrinogen and collagen (Type IV), and human cell cytotoxicity was measured colorimetrically. Furthermore, the inhibitory effect of S-AFUEI on these activities was examined.
We confirmed that S-AFUEI demonstrated elastase inhibitory activity and heat stability equivalent to that demonstrated by N-AFUEI, and inhibited human collagen hydrolytic activity and human fibrinogen hydrolytic activity. Further, S-AFUEI inhibited cytotoxicity in AFUE human pulmonary artery endothelial cells (HPAEC), human small airway epithelial cells (HSAEC), and human pulmonary alveolar epithelial cells (HPAEpiC).
As S-AFUEI strongly inhibited cytotoxicity induced by elastase in human-derived cells, it could prove beneficial for the treatment of pulmonary aspergillosis.El texto completo de este artículo está disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Aspergillus, Elastolytic activity, S-AFUEI, Cytotoxicity
Vol 29 - N° 4P. 345-351 - décembre 2019 Regresar al número
Bienvenido a EM-consulte, la referencia de los profesionales de la salud.
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