Mycetoma remains endemic in the tropical and subtropical regions of the “mycetoma belt” including Senegal. It affects more commonly young men in the age group of 20 to 40 years. The foot represents the most commonly affected site. The most common extra-podal localizations are leg, knee, buttocks, hand and arm. We report an exceptional case of cervical fungal mycetoma that occurred in a 13-year-old Senegalese child. He consulted for a cervico-submandibular tumefaction with multiple sinuses and black grains discharge evolving since 6 years, associated to laryngeal dyspnoea. Mycological examination with culture isolated Madurella mycetomatis. Cervical CT Scan showed bone and soft tissue invasion. Terbinafine alone was administered. During the evolution, tracheotomy was performed following the aggravation of the laryngeal disorders. Death from severe sepsis occurred after 8 months of evolution. The particularities of our case are the occurrence of fungal mycetoma in a child, the cervical localization and the difficulties of therapeutic management largely due to the diagnostic delay.El texto completo de este artículo está disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Child, Fungal mycetoma, Cervical localization, Senegal