Background: Bifurcation stents are often required in patients with malignant airway obstruction or fistulization involving the main carina. The silicone Y stent is the most used but remains challenging to place. The self-expanding metallic Y (SEM) stent appears easy to use. The objective is to report the feasibility, efficacy, and tolerance of SEM Y stent compared to silicone Y stent in patients with malignant tumors involving the main carina.
Patients and methods: This retrospective single center study was performed between May 2004 and May 2017. All patients with malignant carina involvement treated with a bronchial Y stent were included.
Results: Forty silicone Y stents and 38 SEM Y stents were placed. Seven stenting placements failed in the silicone Y group but none in the SEM Y stent group (p=0,008). The median duration of the procedure was 80 min (25-210) in the silicone Y group and.50 min (25-110min) in the SEM Y group (p=0,001). There was no significant difference in terms of early or late complications between the 2 groups.
Nine silicone Y stents (26.5%) and 7 SEM Y stents (18.4%) were removed (p=0,4). The median survival time following stent insertion was 171 days (Interquartile range (IQR) : 53- 379) in the silicone Y group and 104 days (IQR: 53-230) in the SEM Y group.
Conclusion: If silicone Y stent remains the best solution for benign obstruction, SEM Y stent seems to be an easy alternative with no difference in terms of complication or ablation for malignant lesions involving the main carina.El texto completo de este artículo está disponible en PDF.
Abbreviations : SEM Y Stent, min, max, M, F, NA, NS
Keywords : Bronchoscopy, lung cancer, stent, rigid bronchoscopy