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SARS-CoV-2 is a kind of systemic virus, and lungs are not the only target organ.
SARS-CoV-2 attacks digestive system, urogenital system, nervous system and circulatory system.
Some new mechanisms about SARS-CoV-2 invading human cell.
SARS-CoV-2 plays an important role in “Inflammatory Cascade”.
Since early December 2019, a number of pneumonia cases associated with unknown coronavirus infection were identified in Wuhan, China, and many additional cases were identified in other regions of China and in other countries within 3 months. Currently, more than 80,000 cases have been diagnosed in China, including more than 3000 deaths. The epidemic is spreading to the rest of the world, posing a grave challenge to prevention and control. On February 12, 2020, the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses and the World Health Organization officially named the novel coronavirus and associated pneumonia as severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) and coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), respectively. According to the recent research on SARS-CoV-2, the virus mainly infects the respiratory system but may cause damage to other systems. In this paper, we will systematically review the pathogenic features, transmission routes, and infection mechanisms of SARS-CoV-2, as well as any adverse effects on the digestive system, urogenital system, central nervous system, and circulatory system, in order to provide a theoretical and clinical basis for the diagnosis, classification, treatment, and prognosis assessment of SARS-CoV-2 infection.El texto completo de este artículo está disponible en PDF.
Keywords : SARS-CoV-2, COVID-19, Digestive system, Urogenital system, Central nervous system, Circulatory system