Human herpes viruses (HHV) have been implicated in dementia. Class II Human Leukocyte Antigens (HLA) play a critical role in host protection from foreign antigens including herpes viruses through stimulating antibody production against them. In the present study we investigated the in silico binding affinity of 9 H HV to three Class II HLA alleles that have been found to protect against dementia: DRB1*01:01, DRB1*13:02, and DRB1*15:01.
A sliding window approach was used to partition the amino acid sequences of surface glycoproteins from HHV 1–8 into subsequences. The binding affinity of the HHV subsequences to Class II HLA surface receptor proteins was predicted using the Sturniolo method in the Immune Epitope Database and reported as a percentile rank. The binding affinity of HHV subsequences to protective alleles was compared to that of three dementia-neutral Class II HLA alleles: DRB1*03:01, DRB1*07:01, and DRB1*08:01.
Binding affinity varied widely for each HLA allele, HHV type, and HHV subsequence. The protective alleles had significantly higher binding affinity that than the neutral alleles. The largest differences in binding affinity between the protective and neutral alleles was shown for HHV-6A and HHV-6B, which had the best overall binding affinity with the protective alleles.
The dementia protection conferred by the three protective HLA alleles investigated here is related to their superior ability to bind and successfully eliminate HHV epitopes – in particular, HHV6 - that could otherwise cause dementia if they persisted.El texto completo de este artículo está disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Human herpes virus, Human leukocyte antigen (HLA), IEDB, Sturniolo method
Vol 68 - N° 4P. 211-216 - novembre 2020 Regresar al número
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